Corn - Production and Exports

Although corn (or maize, as it's known throughout much of the world) has the honor of being grown in nearly all fifty states, its production is primarily concentrated in the northern and Midwestern states—collectively known as the "corn belt." In the 2012/2013 crop marketing year, (Sept. 1-Aug. 31) the United States grew nearly 10.8 billion bushels (273.8 million metric tons) of corn and roughly 7% of production was exported to more than 100 different countries. Among them, Japan (37%), Mexico (24%), and China (13%) comprise the bulk of U.S. corn destinations. The 2012/2013 corn marketing year was marked by a tight supply of U.S. corn due a severe drought in the corn belt. Some top markets for U.S. corn were forced to diversify sroucing to meet demands, which allowed Brazil (26%) and Argentina (23%) to become top world exporters ahead of the United States (18%).

FOB Reference Price: Gulf CORN

Contract Basis Futures Flat Price (MT)
April 2014 0.9200 K 4.95 230.99
May 2014 0.9200 K 4.95 230.99
June 2014 0.7500 N 5.01 226.56
July 2014 0.7500 N 5.01 226.56

Source: U.S. Grains Council & Chicago Board of Trade; Prices are intended as indications only. Values reflect an industry wide survey and individual bids/offers may vary.

Last Updated: April 20, 2014 5:00 AM EDT

FOB Price Comparisons

    $ 297.00     $ 230.99     $ 66.01

Source: U.S. Grains Council & Chicago Board of Trade; Prices are intended as indications only. Values reflect an industry wide survey and individual bids/offers may vary.

Top U.S. Export Customers

Customer Sep 2013 - Feb 2014
Quantity
Sep 2012 - Feb 2013
Quantity
Period/Period % Change (Qty)
Mexico 4,992,213 2,028,728 146.08%
Mexico Monthly Intake of US Corn (MT)
Export Total:
 
China 3,973,542 1,958,056 102.93%
China Monthly Intake of US Corn (MT)
Export Total:
 
Japan 3,916,686 3,459,019 13.23%
Japan Monthly Intake of US Corn (MT)
Export Total:
 
Colombia 1,212,577 95,308 1,172.27%
Colombia Monthly Intake of US Corn (MT)
Export Total:
 
Peru 884,245 549 161,111.49%
Peru Monthly Intake of US Corn (MT)
Export Total:
 
Korea, South 554,173 387,667 42.95%
Korea, South Monthly Intake of US Corn (MT)
Export Total:
 
Taiwan 472,176 278,206 69.72%
Taiwan Monthly Intake of US Corn (MT)
Export Total:
 
Venezuela 448,730 385,754 16.33%
Venezuela Monthly Intake of US Corn (MT)
Export Total:
 
Egypt 337,255 0 N/A
Egypt Monthly Intake of US Corn (MT)
Export Total:
 
Guatemala 322,666 100,947 219.64%
Guatemala Monthly Intake of US Corn (MT)
Export Total:
 
Saudi Arabia 268,050 205,305 30.56%
Saudi Arabia Monthly Intake of US Corn (MT)
Export Total:
 
Costa Rica 213,672 48,128 343.97%
Costa Rica Monthly Intake of US Corn (MT)
Export Total:
 
Canada 177,514 185,420 -4.26%
Canada Monthly Intake of US Corn (MT)
Export Total:
 
El Salvador 176,516 53,043 232.78%
El Salvador Monthly Intake of US Corn (MT)
Export Total:
 
Dominican Republic 157,142 7,598 1,968.12%
Dominican Republic Monthly Intake of US Corn (MT)
Export Total:
 
Panama 152,294 23,236 555.43%
Panama Monthly Intake of US Corn (MT)
Export Total:
 
Honduras 119,284 78,571 51.82%
Honduras Monthly Intake of US Corn (MT)
Export Total:
 
Jamaica 115,198 137,317 -16.11%
Jamaica Monthly Intake of US Corn (MT)
Export Total:
 
Vietnam 64,988 316 20,439.66%
Vietnam Monthly Intake of US Corn (MT)
Export Total:
 
Chile 64,550 92 70,369.32%
Chile Monthly Intake of US Corn (MT)
Export Total:
 
Cuba 54,999 196,520 -72.01%
Cuba Monthly Intake of US Corn (MT)
Export Total:
 
Indonesia 51,513 551 9,249.07%
Indonesia Monthly Intake of US Corn (MT)
Export Total:
 
Trinidad and Tobago 37,903 31,721 19.49%
Trinidad and Tobago Monthly Intake of US Corn (MT)
Export Total:
 
Nicaragua 34,456 23,195 48.55%
Nicaragua Monthly Intake of US Corn (MT)
Export Total:
 
Barbados 16,203 7,797 107.81%
Barbados Monthly Intake of US Corn (MT)
Export Total:
 
Guyana 14,330 9,790 46.37%
Guyana Monthly Intake of US Corn (MT)
Export Total:
 
Hong Kong 11,594 6,986 65.98%
Hong Kong Monthly Intake of US Corn (MT)
Export Total:
 
Philippines 10,882 3,007 261.90%
Philippines Monthly Intake of US Corn (MT)
Export Total:
 
Morocco 7,699 65 11,744.62%
Morocco Monthly Intake of US Corn (MT)
Export Total:
 
Malaysia 6,299 3,102 103.05%
Malaysia Monthly Intake of US Corn (MT)
Export Total:
 
Spain 6,124 1,272 381.42%
Spain Monthly Intake of US Corn (MT)
Export Total:
 
Israel(*) 5,680 364 1,460.44%
Israel(*) Monthly Intake of US Corn (MT)
Export Total:
 
Haiti 5,501 4,200 30.98%
Haiti Monthly Intake of US Corn (MT)
Export Total:
 
Thailand 4,925 1,329 270.74%
Thailand Monthly Intake of US Corn (MT)
Export Total:
 
Leeward-Windward Islands(*) 4,149 10,089 -58.88%
Leeward-Windward Islands(*) Monthly Intake of US Corn (MT)
Export Total:
 
Suriname 3,611 4,017 -10.11%
Suriname Monthly Intake of US Corn (MT)
Export Total:
 
Russia 3,033 3,724 -18.57%
Russia Monthly Intake of US Corn (MT)
Export Total:
 
United Arab Emirates 2,755 441 524.41%
United Arab Emirates Monthly Intake of US Corn (MT)
Export Total:
 
United Kingdom 2,702 2,617 3.28%
United Kingdom Monthly Intake of US Corn (MT)
Export Total:
 
Netherlands 1,275 409 211.78%
Netherlands Monthly Intake of US Corn (MT)
Export Total:
 
France(*) 1,063 357 197.37%
France(*) Monthly Intake of US Corn (MT)
Export Total:
 
French Pacific Islands(*) 1,009 1,185 -14.86%
French Pacific Islands(*) Monthly Intake of US Corn (MT)
Export Total:
 
South Africa 1,000 619 61.57%
South Africa Monthly Intake of US Corn (MT)
Export Total:
 
Hungary 930 799 16.40%
Hungary Monthly Intake of US Corn (MT)
Export Total:
 
Germany(*) 841 277 203.28%
Germany(*) Monthly Intake of US Corn (MT)
Export Total:
 
Sweden 766 584 31.12%
Sweden Monthly Intake of US Corn (MT)
Export Total:
 
Greece 671 647 3.74%
Greece Monthly Intake of US Corn (MT)
Export Total:
 
Ireland 489 445 10.05%
Ireland Monthly Intake of US Corn (MT)
Export Total:
 
Ukraine 480 335 43.28%
Ukraine Monthly Intake of US Corn (MT)
Export Total:
 
Poland 455 229 98.73%
Poland Monthly Intake of US Corn (MT)
Export Total:
 
Romania 381 19 1,895.81%
Romania Monthly Intake of US Corn (MT)
Export Total:
 
India 291 92 216.21%
India Monthly Intake of US Corn (MT)
Export Total:
 
Belgium-Luxembourg(*) 280 204 37.21%
Belgium-Luxembourg(*) Monthly Intake of US Corn (MT)
Export Total:
 
Bulgaria 271 60 348.01%
Bulgaria Monthly Intake of US Corn (MT)
Export Total:
 
Norway(*) 256 5,340 -95.22%
Norway(*) Monthly Intake of US Corn (MT)
Export Total:
 
Pakistan 254 188 35.47%
Pakistan Monthly Intake of US Corn (MT)
Export Total:
 
Italy(*) 246 427 -42.35%
Italy(*) Monthly Intake of US Corn (MT)
Export Total:
 
Lebanon 231 91 155.14%
Lebanon Monthly Intake of US Corn (MT)
Export Total:
 
Denmark(*) 222 286 -22.35%
Denmark(*) Monthly Intake of US Corn (MT)
Export Total:
 
Bahamas, The 216 35 511.90%
Bahamas, The Monthly Intake of US Corn (MT)
Export Total:
 
Singapore 188 311 -39.54%
Singapore Monthly Intake of US Corn (MT)
Export Total:
 
Ecuador 162 64 155.43%
Ecuador Monthly Intake of US Corn (MT)
Export Total:
 
Brazil 136 14 897.06%
Brazil Monthly Intake of US Corn (MT)
Export Total:
 
Switzerland(*) 118 137 -13.68%
Switzerland(*) Monthly Intake of US Corn (MT)
Export Total:
 
Iceland 117 119 -1.85%
Iceland Monthly Intake of US Corn (MT)
Export Total:
 
Australia(*) 106 31 243.51%
Australia(*) Monthly Intake of US Corn (MT)
Export Total:
 
Czech Republic 103 20 417.00%
Czech Republic Monthly Intake of US Corn (MT)
Export Total:
 
Finland 96 115 -16.10%
Finland Monthly Intake of US Corn (MT)
Export Total:
 
Oman 66 1,479 -95.54%
Oman Monthly Intake of US Corn (MT)
Export Total:
 
Jordan 60 233 -74.28%
Jordan Monthly Intake of US Corn (MT)
Export Total:
 
Croatia 57 0 N/A
Croatia Monthly Intake of US Corn (MT)
Export Total:
 
Kazakhstan 42 0 N/A
Kazakhstan Monthly Intake of US Corn (MT)
Export Total:
 
Lithuania 42 21 97.16%
Lithuania Monthly Intake of US Corn (MT)
Export Total:
 
Portugal 41 52 -19.77%
Portugal Monthly Intake of US Corn (MT)
Export Total:
 
Angola 41 0 N/A
Angola Monthly Intake of US Corn (MT)
Export Total:
 
New Zealand(*) 36 64 -42.86%
New Zealand(*) Monthly Intake of US Corn (MT)
Export Total:
 
Mongolia 25 0 N/A
Mongolia Monthly Intake of US Corn (MT)
Export Total:
 
Bahrain 22 0 N/A
Bahrain Monthly Intake of US Corn (MT)
Export Total:
 
Turkey 21 506 -95.83%
Turkey Monthly Intake of US Corn (MT)
Export Total:
 
Latvia 21 21 -0.96%
Latvia Monthly Intake of US Corn (MT)
Export Total:
 
Estonia 21 0 N/A
Estonia Monthly Intake of US Corn (MT)
Export Total:
 
Cyprus 21 0 N/A
Cyprus Monthly Intake of US Corn (MT)
Export Total:
 
Malta 21 0 N/A
Malta Monthly Intake of US Corn (MT)
Export Total:
 
Brunei 21 0 N/A
Brunei Monthly Intake of US Corn (MT)
Export Total:
 
Kuwait 19 189 -89.77%
Kuwait Monthly Intake of US Corn (MT)
Export Total:
 
Serbia and Kosovo 19 0 N/A
Serbia and Kosovo Monthly Intake of US Corn (MT)
Export Total:
 
Serbia, Montenegro, and Kosovo 19 141 -86.41%
Serbia, Montenegro, and Kosovo Monthly Intake of US Corn (MT)
Export Total:
 
Belize 17 2 962.50%
Belize Monthly Intake of US Corn (MT)
Export Total:
 
Netherlands Antilles(*) 15 91 -83.08%
Netherlands Antilles(*) Monthly Intake of US Corn (MT)
Export Total:
 
Bangladesh 14 0 N/A
Bangladesh Monthly Intake of US Corn (MT)
Export Total:
 
Swaziland 13 0 N/A
Swaziland Monthly Intake of US Corn (MT)
Export Total:
 
Georgia 13 8 53.01%
Georgia Monthly Intake of US Corn (MT)
Export Total:
 
Qatar 12 0 N/A
Qatar Monthly Intake of US Corn (MT)
Export Total:
 
Bermuda 8 5 64.58%
Bermuda Monthly Intake of US Corn (MT)
Export Total:
 
Iraq 7 0 N/A
Iraq Monthly Intake of US Corn (MT)
Export Total:
 
Armenia 4 21 -83.17%
Armenia Monthly Intake of US Corn (MT)
Export Total:
 
Argentina 3 0 N/A
Argentina Monthly Intake of US Corn (MT)
Export Total:
 
Afghanistan 0 20 -98.98%
Afghanistan Monthly Intake of US Corn (MT)
Export Total:
 
Seychelles 0 0 N/A
Seychelles Monthly Intake of US Corn (MT)
Export Total:
 
Western Sahara 0 0 N/A
Western Sahara Monthly Intake of US Corn (MT)
Export Total:
 
Macedonia 0 0 N/A
Macedonia Monthly Intake of US Corn (MT)
Export Total:
 
Cambodia 0 0 N/A
Cambodia Monthly Intake of US Corn (MT)
Export Total:
 
Gabon 0 0 N/A
Gabon Monthly Intake of US Corn (MT)
Export Total:
 
Djibouti 0 0 N/A
Djibouti Monthly Intake of US Corn (MT)
Export Total:
 
Slovenia 0 0 N/A
Slovenia Monthly Intake of US Corn (MT)
Export Total:
 
Mali 0 0 N/A
Mali Monthly Intake of US Corn (MT)
Export Total:
 
Senegal 0 0 N/A
Senegal Monthly Intake of US Corn (MT)
Export Total:
 
Uruguay 0 0 N/A
Uruguay Monthly Intake of US Corn (MT)
Export Total:
 
Central African Republic 0 0 N/A
Central African Republic Monthly Intake of US Corn (MT)
Export Total:
 
Ghana 0 0 N/A
Ghana Monthly Intake of US Corn (MT)
Export Total:
 
Liberia 0 0 N/A
Liberia Monthly Intake of US Corn (MT)
Export Total:
 
French Guiana 0 0 N/A
French Guiana Monthly Intake of US Corn (MT)
Export Total:
 
Kosovo 0 0 N/A
Kosovo Monthly Intake of US Corn (MT)
Export Total:
 
Sri Lanka 0 0 N/A
Sri Lanka Monthly Intake of US Corn (MT)
Export Total:
 
Austria 0 0 N/A
Austria Monthly Intake of US Corn (MT)
Export Total:
 
Micronesia 0 0 N/A
Micronesia Monthly Intake of US Corn (MT)
Export Total:
 
Sierra Leone 0 0 N/A
Sierra Leone Monthly Intake of US Corn (MT)
Export Total:
 
Yemen(*) 0 0 N/A
Yemen(*) Monthly Intake of US Corn (MT)
Export Total:
 
Africa, not elsewhere specified(*) 0 0 N/A
Africa, not elsewhere specified(*) Monthly Intake of US Corn (MT)
Export Total:
 
Guinea 0 0 N/A
Guinea Monthly Intake of US Corn (MT)
Export Total:
 
Madagascar 0 0 N/A
Madagascar Monthly Intake of US Corn (MT)
Export Total:
 
Unidentified Countries 0 0 N/A
Unidentified Countries Monthly Intake of US Corn (MT)
Export Total:
 
Cameroon 0 0 N/A
Cameroon Monthly Intake of US Corn (MT)
Export Total:
 
Gambia, The 0 0 N/A
Gambia, The Monthly Intake of US Corn (MT)
Export Total:
 
Paraguay 0 0 N/A
Paraguay Monthly Intake of US Corn (MT)
Export Total:
 
Togo 0 0 N/A
Togo Monthly Intake of US Corn (MT)
Export Total:
 
Bolivia 0 0 N/A
Bolivia Monthly Intake of US Corn (MT)
Export Total:
 
Ethiopia(*) 0 0 N/A
Ethiopia(*) Monthly Intake of US Corn (MT)
Export Total:
 
Kenya 0 0 N/A
Kenya Monthly Intake of US Corn (MT)
Export Total:
 
Niger 0 0 N/A
Niger Monthly Intake of US Corn (MT)
Export Total:
 
Mozambique 0 0 N/A
Mozambique Monthly Intake of US Corn (MT)
Export Total:
 
Somalia 0 0 N/A
Somalia Monthly Intake of US Corn (MT)
Export Total:
 
Cote d'Ivoire 0 0 N/A
Cote d'Ivoire Monthly Intake of US Corn (MT)
Export Total:
 
Chad 0 0 N/A
Chad Monthly Intake of US Corn (MT)
Export Total:
 
Libya 0 0 N/A
Libya Monthly Intake of US Corn (MT)
Export Total:
 
Turks and Caicos Islands 0 0 N/A
Turks and Caicos Islands Monthly Intake of US Corn (MT)
Export Total:
 
Burma 0 0 N/A
Burma Monthly Intake of US Corn (MT)
Export Total:
 
Other Pacific Islands, NEC(*) 0 0 N/A
Other Pacific Islands, NEC(*) Monthly Intake of US Corn (MT)
Export Total:
 
Tajikistan 0 0 N/A
Tajikistan Monthly Intake of US Corn (MT)
Export Total:
 
Equatorial Guinea 0 0 N/A
Equatorial Guinea Monthly Intake of US Corn (MT)
Export Total:
 
Sudan(*) 0 50 -100.00%
Sudan(*) Monthly Intake of US Corn (MT)
Export Total:
 
Azerbaijan 0 0 N/A
Azerbaijan Monthly Intake of US Corn (MT)
Export Total:
 
Zambia 0 0 N/A
Zambia Monthly Intake of US Corn (MT)
Export Total:
 
Albania 0 0 N/A
Albania Monthly Intake of US Corn (MT)
Export Total:
 
Congo (Brazzaville) 0 0 N/A
Congo (Brazzaville) Monthly Intake of US Corn (MT)
Export Total:
 
Malawi 0 0 N/A
Malawi Monthly Intake of US Corn (MT)
Export Total:
 
Rwanda 0 0 N/A
Rwanda Monthly Intake of US Corn (MT)
Export Total:
 
Korea, North 0 0 N/A
Korea, North Monthly Intake of US Corn (MT)
Export Total:
 
Nigeria 0 3 -100.00%
Nigeria Monthly Intake of US Corn (MT)
Export Total:
 
Namibia 0 0 N/A
Namibia Monthly Intake of US Corn (MT)
Export Total:
 
Mayotte 0 0 N/A
Mayotte Monthly Intake of US Corn (MT)
Export Total:
 
Greenland 0 0 N/A
Greenland Monthly Intake of US Corn (MT)
Export Total:
 
Uganda 0 0 N/A
Uganda Monthly Intake of US Corn (MT)
Export Total:
 
Burundi 0 0 N/A
Burundi Monthly Intake of US Corn (MT)
Export Total:
 
French West Indies(*) 0 0 N/A
French West Indies(*) Monthly Intake of US Corn (MT)
Export Total:
 
Laos 0 0 N/A
Laos Monthly Intake of US Corn (MT)
Export Total:
 
Tanzania 0 0 N/A
Tanzania Monthly Intake of US Corn (MT)
Export Total:
 
Benin 0 0 N/A
Benin Monthly Intake of US Corn (MT)
Export Total:
 
Eritrea 0 0 N/A
Eritrea Monthly Intake of US Corn (MT)
Export Total:
 
Iran 0 0 N/A
Iran Monthly Intake of US Corn (MT)
Export Total:
 
Montenegro 0 0 N/A
Montenegro Monthly Intake of US Corn (MT)
Export Total:
 
Slovakia 0 0 N/A
Slovakia Monthly Intake of US Corn (MT)
Export Total:
 
Zimbabwe 0 0 N/A
Zimbabwe Monthly Intake of US Corn (MT)
Export Total:
 
Algeria 0 0 N/A
Algeria Monthly Intake of US Corn (MT)
Export Total:
 
Congo (Kinshasa) 0 0 N/A
Congo (Kinshasa) Monthly Intake of US Corn (MT)
Export Total:
 
Cayman Islands 0 0 N/A
Cayman Islands Monthly Intake of US Corn (MT)
Export Total:
 
Lesotho 0 0 N/A
Lesotho Monthly Intake of US Corn (MT)
Export Total:
 
Tunisia 0 0 N/A
Tunisia Monthly Intake of US Corn (MT)
Export Total:
 
Syria 0 0 N/A
Syria Monthly Intake of US Corn (MT)
Export Total:
 
Belarus 0 20 -100.00%
Belarus Monthly Intake of US Corn (MT)
Export Total:
 
Nepal 0 0 N/A
Nepal Monthly Intake of US Corn (MT)
Export Total:
 
World Total 18,921,202.20 9,760,409.00 93.86%
World Total Monthly Intake of US Corn (MT)
Export Total:
 

Source: U.S. Grains Council & USDA GATS

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Conversion Factors